MIP stands for mortgage insurance premium and is required to close an FHA loan. It is paid as an upfront cost and as an annual premium.
MIP differs from PMI, or private mortgage insurance, in that there is no way to avoid the cost. PMI is required on conventional loans with a down payment of less than 20 percent to protect the lender in case the borrower were to default on the loan. Typically, PMI will cost you 0.5 percent to 1 percent of the loan over the course of the year.
MIP is the PMI of FHA loans. It is paid as an upfront cost and as an annual premium. The current upfront MIP is 1.75 percent of the loan amount. It is required to be paid "upfront," or at the time of closing. Typically, the lender will lend the money to the borrower and send it to the FHA. The borrower will then have a mortgage amount of the base loan amount plus the cost of the upfront mortgage insurance premium.