Conforming Loan Limits for 2024
A conforming loan is a mortgage that meets — or “conforms” — to a set of rules created by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, two companies that provide funds for most mortgages issued across the country. Conforming loans are the most popular type of mortgage because they’re often cheaper than other mortgage types, and borrowers can access bigger loan amounts than most government-backed loans allow.
What are conforming loan limits?
Conforming loan limits represent the maximum dollar amount you can borrow for a conforming residential mortgage. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which is the agency that oversees Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, sets new conforming limits each year. The limits are based on the median home value in each U.S. county, so your loan limit depends on the county where you’re buying a house.
The 2024 conforming loan limit for one-unit properties in most of the U.S. is $766,550, but it can go up to just over a million — $1,149,825 — in high-cost areas.
Who are Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac?
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are government-sponsored enterprises that help the mortgage industry run smoothly. By buying, packaging and reselling mortgages as securities, Fannie and Freddie help spread out the risk involved in mortgage lending, which in turn helps loans have lower interest rates.
Nationwide conforming loan limits for 2024
|Number of units
|Most of the continental U.S.
|High-cost areas in the continental U.S.
|Alaska, Guam, Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands
Look up your county’s limit on the FHFA’s website or by using our map below.
Find your county’s 2024 conforming loan limits
Conforming loan limits vs. FHA loan limits
FHA loan limits are lower than what you could get with a conforming loan — just 65% of the current conforming loan limit, to be exact. For a single-family home in most parts of the U.S., the maximum FHA loan amount is $498,257 — that’s about $268,000 less than the conforming loan limit.
Conforming loan benefits
Lower mortgage insurance costs
Conforming loans come with a slightly different kind of insurance than government-backed loans. With a conforming loan, you’ll have to pay private mortgage insurance (PMI) if you can’t come up with at least a 20% down payment. However, once you reach 20% equity in your home, you can get rid of PMI on a conforming loan.
Government-backed loans, like FHA or USDA loans, require both upfront and annual insurance premiums, regardless of your down payment. In most cases, you can’t remove FHA mortgage insurance — you’ll have to refinance to get rid of it.
Although interest rates for conforming loans tend to be higher than those offered on government-backed loans, the lower mortgage insurance costs often make the annual percentage rate (APR) — which reflects the total cost of your mortgage over the life of the loan — lower on a conventional conforming loan.
Higher loan limits
A conventional loan allows you to get a larger mortgage compared to FHA loans.
Potential appraisal waivers
You may be able to skip the cost and time involved in getting a home appraisal if you qualify for an appraisal waiver, even if you’re buying a home. That perk isn’t available with government purchase mortgage programs.
Conforming loan drawbacks
Higher credit score requirements
Conforming loans require a minimum 620 credit score. That’s 120 points higher than the 500 minimum credit score required for an FHA loan. In addition, to qualify for the best mortgage rates with a conforming loan, you’ll need to have a 780 credit score or higher. That’s a tough bar to reach for many borrowers; the average credit score in the U.S. is only around 714.
Higher interest rates
Loan rates are usually higher for conforming loans than government-backed mortgages. As of this writing, 30-year fixed mortgage rates are about 0.49 percentage points higher than VA loan rates and 0.21 percentage points higher than FHA loan rates. However, the lower mortgage insurance costs associated with conforming loans often make your APR lower, saving you money in the long run compared to an FHA, VA or USDA loan.
How to qualify for a conforming loan
To qualify for a conforming loan, you’ll need to meet conventional loan requirements:
|Minimum down payment
|Minimum credit score
|Required until you reach 20% equity
|Maximum debt-to-income (DTI) ratio
|Maximum loan-to-value (LTV) ratio
|Loan limit (single-family home)
*Higher DTI ratio exceptions may be made for borrowers with cash reserves, residual income or high credit scores.