Several rules and laws regulate the residential real estate market in Idaho. Here is what buyers need to know:
Home seller and buyer laws
Idaho requires sellers to fill out a seller’s property disclosure form when they put their home on the market. By law, it must be presented to the buyer within 10 days of accepting the offer. The form asks sellers to specify whether various parts of the home are in working condition. This includes the home’s appliances, electrical, heating and cooling systems, water and sewer systems, roof and siding.
Unlike some states, Idaho allows for both judicial and non-judicial foreclosures. This means, depending on the circumstances, the lender may or may not go through the court system in the event of having to foreclose on a home.
Idaho also allows for a so-called deficiency judgment after a non-judicial foreclosure. Buyers need to know this as it means a lender might be able to sue you to recoup any losses if proceeds from the sale of your foreclosed home aren’t enough to cover the amount owed.
Unlike most states, Idaho is what is commonly described as a community property state. This means all assets and debts acquired during a marriage — including any real estate property — must be split 50/50 in the event of a divorce or annulment, regardless of whose name is on the title. However, any assets or debts acquired before or after the marriage remain separate.
Idaho is also an escrow state. This means it does not require buyers to hire an attorney to close on a home. Instead, buyers are allowed to use a representative from an escrow or title company.
Unlike many other states, Idaho does not charge a real estate transfer tax, which means buyers do not have to pay to have the home’s title transferred into their name.
Once you own a home in Idaho, your property taxes will likely amount to about 1.24% of the home’s value, according to a 2018 calculation by the Idaho State Tax Commission.
For certain homeowners — such as disabled veterans, people over 65 and those with low incomes — Idaho offers a property tax reduction program. The program offers qualified individuals a chance to reduce their annual property tax bill by up to $1,320.
Conforming loan limits
In Idaho, the current conforming loan limit for a single-family home for most of the state is $484,350, with the exception of Blaine, Camas and Lincoln counties, which have a loan limit of $625,500, and Tenton County, which has a loan limit of $726,525.
Conforming loans are those that meet guidelines and rules set by two government-sponsored agencies, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. By not exceeding the limits of a conforming loan, borrowers generally get the best interest rates if they have good credit. Conforming loan limits vary according to state and county, but any loan that goes over the limits is considered a jumbo loan. These loans generally command higher interest rates.